Why Are the Leaves of Peperomia Splitting?

 Why Are the Leaves of Peperomia Splitting?

Peperomia plants are grown for their ornamental foliage (such as the well-known watermelon peperomia), so people try to keep their leaves looking healthy and fresh. There are many species of peperomia, all of which have fleshy leaves that are prone to cracking and splitting.

In this article, you'll learn why peperomia plants lose their leaves and how to deal with the problem. So read on to learn how to keep your radiator plants lush and attractive.

1. You Are Overwatering Your Peperomia

When you overwater your plants, the leaf cells absorb more water, causing them to expand more. When the temperature rises, cells lose water at a faster rate, causing rapid shrinkage. If this process continues for a few days, it may cause the cells to burst, causing the leaves to fall.

To avoid this problem, you should stop watering houseplants daily. It is recommended to water it every one to two weeks or when the soil dries. It is also recommended to use well-drained soil to avoid excess moisture around the roots.

2. Low Humidity Exposure to Your Plants

Peperomia leaves need moist air to remain lush and strong. If exposed to low humidity, they will dry out and wilt. They eventually split and may dry out.

To improve the humidity around your plants, you can wash them daily or use a humidifier. You can also place pebbles and water trays around the plants to increase humidity.

3. They Are Exposed to Extreme Temperature

Like any other plant, peperomia is negatively affected by temperature extremes. Too low a temperature hardens the leaf cells while too high a temperature weakens them. So both extremes can lead to leaf cankers.

It's easy to protect your plants from extreme temperatures. First, they should not be placed near items or systems that generate heat or cold air. Second, you need to move them to a new location that has ideal temperatures when it gets too hot or too cold.

4. They Are Exposed to Excessive Sunlight

Too much direct sunlight is not good for peperomia leaves. It leads to burning and sunburn. This causes the leaves to split down the middle and crack along the veins.

To combat this problem, you need to move your plants from an area with harmful sunlight to an area protected from the sun. You can also try providing shade for your plants.

5. They Lack Enough Micronutrients

Peperomia requires micronutrients such as boron and zinc for healthy plant growth. Both of these elements help to form strong leaf cells, and if they are deficient or insufficient, plants develop weak leaves that are susceptible to cracking and falling.

To make sure your soil contains enough of these nutrients, you can use appropriate fertilizers or boric acid. It is recommended to use an appropriate amount of these materials to avoid damaging your plants. You also need to keep your soil at the ideal pH, as conditions that are too alkaline or acidic can render micronutrients ineffective.

6. Pests and diseases attack them.

There are only a few pests and diseases that affect peperomia, but their attack can damage the leaves of these plants. Insects that cause leaf blight or leaf crack include caterpillars, mealybugs, mites and thrips, while diseases include leaf spot, anthracnose and ring spot.

To control pests, you can get rid of infected leaves or plants. You can also use safe sprays such as neem oil or insecticidal soap. I recommend Summit Insecticidal Soap which is generally ready to use and can kill all insects that attack ornamental plants. As for diseases, you can destroy infected plants or use an organic fungicide, virucide or bactericide depending on the pathogen.

7. You damage them physically or mechanically without realizing it.

While going about your daily activities in your home, you can unintentionally damage your peperomia leaves. If your plants are located in high-traffic areas, such as stairs and doorways, they can really suffer from tearing and other damage.

This can be prevented by being careful not to touch your plants when moving around your home or moving things. This can also be prevented by placing your plants in less frequented areas.

8. Your Pets Are Damaging Them

Pets love to hang around plants and can easily damage the leaves or the entire plant. If you have cats, dogs, or other pets in your home, they can shred or tear the leaves.

To protect your plants from pets, you can keep them in a safe place, somewhere that pets can't reach, such as shelves or tall plant stands. You can also try training your pet not to chew houseplants.

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