What Are Different Types of Geraniums

 What Are Different Types of Geraniums (Pelargoniums)

If you love flowers, you'll be happy to learn about the different types of geraniums (pelargonium), which make these plants particularly attractive.

Are you a fan of classic pelargoniums? Or do you prefer the more exotic looking ones? Do you like large, butterfly-like flowers, or do fragrant pelargoniums attract you more?
As the saying goes, “variety is the spice of life,” and when it comes to pelargonium, there is a flower for every taste.

Which Geranium Type Is Your Favorite?

Choosing your favorite pelargonium is like choosing a pastry from your favorite pastry shop. Not an easy task when there is so much eye candy!

Let's take a short tour of all the different types of pelargonium and their unique characteristics, shall we?

1) Zonal Geraniums

Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum Bailey

These are classic geraniums that can be admired on balconies and gardens all over the world.
The word "sense" is derived from the distinctive areas of the leaves of this plant.
The flowers of zonal geraniums can be single or double, and their blooms can come in a wide range of colors, from pure white to burgundy and many shades of pink, orange and red to the most intense purple. Some flowers may be two-colored or even spotted.
To the delight of pelargonium lovers, a new yellow variety has also appeared.

An Easy Variety to Care For

The main feature of zonal geraniums is that they are easy to care for and are suitable for a balcony or windowsill as long as they are placed in a sunny place with good ventilation.
Zoster geraniums are fairly inexpensive plants that are heat and drought tolerant.
Invest in monochromatic geraniums to create distinctive corners, or switch up different colors to create some interesting contrasts reminiscent of quaint European villages.

2) Ivy "Geraniums"

Derived from Pelargonium peltatum

Named ivy geranium because of the resemblance of its leaves to English ivy, ivy geranium has glossy, waxy, thick leaves for improved drought tolerance.
The main feature of these geraniums is that they are trailing type and can be found hanging in hanging baskets with beautiful flower cascades.
This variety of pelargonium is a very generous plant, showing early flowering until the first frost. You will enjoy simple, semi-double or double flowers that feature several colors, sometimes even two-color stripes.

Where do you put them?

Place ivy geraniums in large flower pots or large containers in the middle of a lush green garden or decorate your balcony with hanging baskets in contrasting colors. As you can see in the photo above, I have enjoyed them for years in the large vase at the top right with beautiful designs.
Whichever way you display them, ivy geraniums will create compact cushions of color in a variety of colors, including red, purple and white, which contrast well with the vibrancy of their green foliage, creating a stunning pop of color.
Enjoy it in different seasons, from the plains to the mountains or even the Mediterranean coast.
Ivy geraniums bring back memories of the wonderful flowering balconies of alpine huts.

3) Regal "Geraniums"

Scientific name: Pelargonium × domesticum Bailey

This geranium, also known as Martha Washington, is distinguished by its exceptional beauty.
They are the kings and queens of the geranium kingdom, and boast large blooms in a variety of colors thanks to their stunning blooms, which are crowned by a deep patch of color extending from the center of each petal.
Its leaves are quite toothed and uniformly green (without zoning), with a generally dense, compact growth.

Regals have a reputation for being more delicate, and therefore more difficult to maintain, but when provided with proper care, growing them does not present major problems.
Compared to other regions, Malaki has a shorter flowering period, because hot summer weather prevents the formation of new flowers.
The secret to the flowering of royal geraniums is the drop in temperature on developing plants, which causes new buds to form.

4) Angel Pelargoniums

Derived from Pelargonium crispum

Angel Pelargonium, also known as "Plansy-face", is often confused with Royal Pelargonium, but upon closer inspection, their flowers and leaves are smaller.
Most of these were obtained by crossing Pelargonium crispum with Pelargonium regal in the early 1900s.
The flowers often feature dark upper petals, with lower petals on the paler side. The leaves can be very serrated. In general, the plants are compact and dense, giving them an attractive appearance.

Like Regals, angelfish Pelargoniums enjoy cool temperatures, as opposed to areas with full sun and heat.
Recently, the popularity of pelargoniums has increased thanks to the release of new varieties by hybridists.

5) Scented Geraniums

Botanical name: Pelargonium (scented-leaved group)

Among the different types of geraniums, the fragrant geranium is known not for its flowers, but for the scent of its leaves, which emit a variety of strong scents.

Do you prefer the scent of rose, apricot, apple, lemon, or mint?
Today, fragrant geraniums are available in a variety of scents to excite even the most sophisticated nose. In fact, there are hundreds of nuances in perfumes, many of which resemble well-known scents, and other times completely original and indescribable.

The leaves release a fragrance when touched. Aromatic plants are deliberately grown to produce a special oil called “geraniol” which can be used as an essential oil for dried plants or sold commercially to make perfumes.
Another great benefit of the fragrant geranium flower is that its leaves are pleasant to the touch, and have a velvety texture. Although the flowers are smaller and less beautiful than common geraniums, they are still beautiful.
Fragrant geraniums usually grow well in full sun until June, after which they prefer partial shade when temperatures become more extreme. If you are the owner of a "green" balcony, you cannot miss the fragrant geranium leaves.

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