How to Build Your Own Compost Bin at Home


 How to Build Your Own Compost Bin at Home

If you grow vegetables or fruits on your own plot of land, you may need continuous fertilization to get a better crop every time. If you don't apply fertilizer every harvest season, the crop may eventually die, and you won't get a return on your efforts. But constantly adding fertilizer can cut into your budget. Some fertilizers are so expensive that it is not financially feasible to use them in a home garden. So what is the alternative?

Advantages of Compost

It's easy to make, even at home
Very cheap, I mean, bastard
Provides essential nutrients to plants.
Reduces household waste.
organic
A friend of the environment
Non-toxic
It attracts red insects that enrich the soil with their droppings.

Step 1: Build a compost bin

Setting up your compost bin properly is very important. Go ahead and take a look at the picture above and get an idea of your options for building your own compost bin. There is no need to buy compost bins as you can easily make them using everyday tools.

A simple compost bin can be made from a wooden box or crate that farmers use to transport vegetables and fruits. You may be able to find one at the grocery store or from a street vendor or farmer. These wooden bins are ideal for compost, although they can rot in about a year or two.

Some important points to consider when creating your own compost bin:

The compost bin should be of a manageable size.
The box should have gaps or holes for good ventilation. This is important for the rapid decomposition process.
There should be a door at the bottom of the bin to remove the compost.

Step 2: Fill the compost bin

All natural items such as leaves, grass, paper, cardboard, fruit and vegetable peels, paper bags and grass can be composted.

However, the following items should not be placed in your compost bin for hygiene and health reasons:

Meat and meat cuts
Any plastic items
Ceramics, clay and glassware
Fibers, fabrics, synthetics and minerals.
Dead creatures
Human or animal waste
- Certain foods, such as bread, pasta, cooked foods, and oils

The above items also take longer to decompose and can slow down the overall decomposition process.

Step 3: Manage the compost bin

These three elements are also important ingredients to aid the decomposition process and speed up results.

Air

Abundant ventilation is required for rapid decomposition of elements. You can't add air, but the idea is to have enough air inside the bin to compost. So don't pack your box to the edge. And if you can turn the inserts in the box and mix them occasionally, it will really help the air flow inside the box.

Water

Fluids are necessary for decomposition. So make sure to put some water in the bowl daily or every other day. The water itself will carry oxygen into the bin and speed up the composting process. The water will also support the growth/reproduction of insects, which greatly aids in decomposition. (So if you see an innocent red worm in your trash, don't remove it, it's very useful.) Instead of filling the can completely and then adding water, you can add a little water with each layer of items you put in the can.

Sun

The sun provides heat. Heat is energy. Heat is necessary to decompose the contents of the can. So make sure to place your box in a place that gets at least a few hours of sunlight every day.

The importance of red worms in fertilizer

Red worms are as important in the composting process as anything else I've mentioned so far. So please do not remove any red bugs if you see them in your compost bin.

Red worms eat the garbage in the compost bin and secrete a lot of secretions. This humus is rich in minerals and nutrients. In addition, worms eat waste, which speeds up the composting process.
Usually, chiggers grow in garbage. It is also found in abundance in muddy areas. So, if you see something, pick some up and put it in the trash.

Step 4: Collecting the Compost

After some time, you can check the level of decomposition on the bottom surface of your container. If the material you applied has broken down into small particles (almost soil-like), your compost is ready. Use a gate or bottom hole to remove manure so that the surface above it can accommodate the removed manure and provide space above to add more material to the manure.

After fertilizing, you can either spread it over the soil in your vegetable or fruit garden or loosen the soil around each plant and work the compost into the soil. The latter method is more effective because it helps the fertilizer be absorbed directly into the soil when watering the plants.

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